Colonel Blood and the Crown Jewels

In 1671, Colonel Blood, an Irish adventurer, presented himself to the keeper of the Tower of London disguised as a country parson. Blood was accompanied by a woman whom he introduced as his wife. During the tour of the Tower, the “wife” fainted and the keeper took them both to his rooms. During the conversation which followed, Blood managed to extract information about the private life of the keeper, Talbot Edwards. He found out that Edwards had an unmarried daughter, and he made up a wealthy nephew who would make a suitable husband for her.

The union was agreed upon and, a few days later, the wedding party arrived at the Tower. Each member of the bridegroom’s party had a sword concealed under his coat. While they were waiting for Edward’s daughter to appear, someone suggested a visit to the Jewel Room. As soon as the group entered, Talbot was gagged and hit on the head with a mallet.

The thieves did not get far, however. The alarm was raised by Talbot’s son and the gang was captured before they had time to escape from the Tower. They still had all of the loot with them.

Surprisingly, Colonel Blood was never punished for the robbery. He insisted on confessing his crime before the king. Charles II, having a similar sense of humour to Blood’s, was amused by his stories and his adventurous spirit. Blood was allowed to return unharmed to his estates in Ireland.

原文在这里

延伸阅读

     世界上最大的宝石金刚石名叫“库利南”,它的发现是相当偶然的。1905年1月25日,南非(阿扎尼亚)的普列米尔矿山(亦称总理矿),有一个名叫威尔士的经理人员,偶尔看见矿场的地上半露出一块闪闪发光的东西,他用小刀将它挖出来一看,是一块巨大的宝石金刚石。它的重量用当时的旧克拉单位(1克拉=205毫克)为 3024.75克拉。换算成现在通用的公制克拉(1克拉=200毫克)为3106克拉,即621.2克。体积约为5×6.5×l0cm,相当于一个成年男子的拳头。它纯净透明,带有淡蓝色调,是最佳品级的宝石金刚石。一直到现在,它还是世界上发现的最大的宝石金刚石。

库利南不是一个完整的晶体,它只是一个大晶体的一部分碎块。库利南由于太大,当时没有人能买得起。后由南非的德兰士瓦地方当局用15万英镑收购,在1907年12月9日,为祝贺英王爱德华三世的生日而赠送给英国皇室了。

1908 年初,库利南被送到当时琢磨钻石最权威的城市荷兰的阿姆斯特丹,交给约·阿斯查尔公司加工,加工费8万英镑。由于原石太大,须要事先按计划打碎成若干小块。打碎它是一件极其困难的工作,因为如果研究不够或技术欠佳,这块巨大的宝石就会被打碎成一堆没有什么价值的小碎片。

打碎工作由荷兰著名工匠约·阿斯查尔进行。他用了几个星期的时间来研究库利南,按它的大小和形状造了一个玻璃模型,并设计了一套工具。他先用这些工具对玻璃模型试验,结果模型按照预想的要求被劈开。经过几天休息之后, 1908年2月10日,他和助手来到专门的工作室中,将库利南放在一个大钳子里紧紧钳住,然后将一根特制的钢楔放在它上面预先磨出的槽中。约·阿斯查尔用一根沉重的棍子敲击钢楔,“啪”的一声,库利南纹丝不动,钢楔却断了。阿斯查尔脸上淌着冷汗,在那紧张得像要爆炸的气氛中,他放上了第二根钢楔。再使劲地敲击一下,这一次,库利甫完全按照预定计划裂为两半,而阿斯查尔却昏倒在地板上了。

库利南被劈开后,由三个熟练的工匠,每天工作14小时,琢磨了8个月。一共磨成了9粒大钻石和96粒小钻石。这105粒钻石总重量1063.65克拉,为库利南原重量的 34.25%。由此可知,金刚石在加工成钻石后,重量损失很大。九较大钻石中最大的一粒名叫“非洲之星第Ⅰ”也就是“库利南1号”,重530.2克拉,为水滴形,琢磨了74个面。它也是现今世界上最大的钻石,镶在英国国王的权杖上。次大的一粒叫做“非洲之星第Ⅱ”,重317.4克拉,外观方形,磨有64个面。它是世界上第二大的钻石,现镶在英帝国王冠下方的正中。其它7粒重量分别为94.4、63.6、18.8、11.5、8.8、6.8及4.39克拉。

由库利南磨成的9粒大钻,全部归英国王室所有。其中“库利南第I”和“库利南第Ⅳ”,曾被镶在1911年制成的玛丽王后的王冠上,后又取下归王后收藏,王冠上则用水晶的复制品代替。1919年,在普列米尔矿山又找到一颗重达1500克拉的宝石金刚石。按重量为世界第三。它也是一个大晶体的碎块,并且颜色和库利南相似。因此有人认为它与库利南是同一个大晶体碎裂而成的,故这块金刚石没有给它取专门名字。

原文在这里

Hustle第二季最后一集的知识点,顺手搜了放上来,发现又有某些“网络作家”的作品完全克隆了这一集的对话和场景,不是第一次了,从柯南到CSI到Hustle,大批的抄袭作品随手一抓一大把,鄙视啊鄙视。

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s

%d 博主赞过: